One of the most celebrated event in a girls life is when she reaches her puberty. It is home to many different cultures, including a strong Tamil population. In Koppal, an impoverished district in Karnataka, virginity is for sale. All these puberty rituals have the same undercurrent, with slight differences. The girl is gifted saree, gold, powder, or cash. I can’t even imagine how horrible this might taste – it is health that matters! I do believe that periods should be normalized as it is a natural process, and the celebration of menarche would help to fight the stigma, discrimination, myth, and taboos around menstruation but it comes with its problems. In the island of Pentecost, situated near Australia, man-hood is proven through Bungee Jumping, this is where this sport emerged, by-the-way. Thirandukalyanam (തിരണ്ടുകല്യാണം) is the name of the ceremony that celebrates a girl attaining puberty. puberty rituals, culminating into a lavish feast. The attainment of puberty marked the next important festival in the life of a girl. The context of girls’ education in Karnataka. I remember inquiring my mother around the ceremony, but she found it absurd to celebrate. Confinement, Nutritious food and a feast, are the bedrock of these ceremonies. Ground Urad dal or fenugreek seed, cooked in sesame oil in slow simmering heat and served with jaggery or palm sugar syrup is another puberty meal. Young women in some parts of Karnataka traditionally wear the Langa davani after puberty. [The ritual consists of religiously sanctioned rape of minor girls, conducted by Brahmin priests within the precincts of a Hindu temple.] Over a period of time, the ceremony has become the thing of the past. Bheemakka, who doesn’t have a surname because she doesn’t know who her father is, went through the puberty ritual in March, but she wasn’t sold. The gifts in this party are primarily a preparation for her dowry. One akin to a marriage reception. All food rich in vitamin E is to be offered, as this is the puberty vitamin. Despite living in neighbourly harmony for over 12 years. After that, she takes another bath, dresses up in the finest garb, and is showered with blessings and gifts. (cracking skull is performed for prosperity in weddings and puberty rituals in Sri Lanka) In puberty rituals of Govi people the girl is bathed by a female of this caste and for their performance they were compensated through money, food, and also with the dress and jewelry given to her at that time. I can’t wait for that lavish banquet. Most of Southern India, the Assamese, and the Kulu Paharis are some of the people in India who celebrate puberty rituals. Read our prestigious winners at the 10th Laadli Media Awards, on. With those few hushed words, Anju is initiated into a life time of secret-period-act, no drum beats, no fanfare, no adequate initiation, no sympathies either. “Times have changed,” she tells. Anju’s thoughts are fixated on the blood-y stench and nature’s abject unfairness towards her body. Over a period of time, the ceremony has … Coming of age rituals are the society’s way to include young men and women into the adult pool. This video is unavailable. She latches the door from inside, with a dramatic air. On the first day of her period, the young girl is bathed by close relatives, kept in isolation, and fed extravagant foods. Rice, ragi and pulses being the main ingredients of food cooked at this period, supplemented with sesame oil and ghee. In addition, she is not allowed to touch anything. Jaya Gomathi Mirra R . Reactions vary, not on the basis of state, these are personal preferences; that is what I am assured. Let’s Put That Tissue In Its Place, Shweta Tiwari’s Daughter Palak Speaks Of The (Usually Ignored & Hidden) Verbal Abuse By Stepdad, Suhana Khan Wears A Bikini And Plenty Of Folks Go Crazy, Internship Opportunities With Women’s Web, Amaranth seeds in a cup of raw milk is offered on the first day of period. They were dedicated to the Hindu deity Yellamma as children and sold off after hitting puberty. The striking similarity of the puberty rituals across India, wherever it exists, matched by similar beliefs and customs in the whole country. Don’t you think it is good, you are saved all that hassle a little longer?” comforted her mother, speaking to her daughter in their mother-tongue, Tamil. Believed to prepare the body for menstrual cycles. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. PDF | This article has been produced as a part of Ph.D. thesis entitled | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Respect her? Writing is, When My Mother Gave Me My First Lesson On Menarche, Just When She Thought Her Wait Had Ended, It Began Again…. The draft - The Karnataka Prevention of Superstitions Practices Bill, 2013 - will be tabled in this monsoon session. She will sit, sleep and eat on this mat alone. On the same day, the whole neighbourhood is invited, and the girl is decorated as a bride. Over a period of time, a lot of people do not organize this ceremony; they rejected the celebration because they find it a private and personal affair which should not be discussed in the open. A Day In My ‘Dream Life’- The Experience of A Newly-Married Desi Bahu. This post is a part of Periodपाठ, a campaign by Youth Ki Awaaz in collaboration with WSSCC to highlight the need for better menstrual hygiene management in India. For the three days after the menstruation begins, the girl had to remain in isolation. Respected Saasu Maa Ji, May I Please Go And Pee Now? A similar ceremony could be observed in Kerala and Andhra Pradesh as well. Responsibility Paul Mantae Kim. So of course, he has to know of her fertility first! Puberty. The Tamils, the Malayalis, the Telugus, the Kannadigas, the Assamese, the Kulu Paharis are some of the people in India who celebrate puberty rituals. “You will need this, you have periods,” Mom whispers even behind closed doors. Maharashtra till recently had puberty rituals at an austere level, similar rituals but restricted only to women, a four day ritual. She, a believer, knows no better way to initiate a girl into puberty. He plays an important role, as in many of these communities, he is considered the first in line to wed her! “Yes she got it early. Three balls for three meals of the day! 13 Puberty Rituals Around The World That Range From The Quaint To The Morbid. It might take you longer. Scared sick and quite uncertain, she wonders, did her mother tell her the truth or does she indeed have cancer? The author is a part of the current batch of the #PeriodParGyan Writer’s Training Program, Demand Action Against Caste-Based Discrimination. It reaffirms the old age myth that the assigned sex determines the gender of the person. In the Tamil community, at first the girl is bathed by her close family and fed a nutritious diet but in isolation. Dear readers, you be the judge – don’t just take her words at face value! “You will get it from now on.” And that is that. Her mother’s face is contorted with shame, her words curt and precise, coming from another realm. A small community in India, the Vohra Muslims, have a coming of age ceremony, at 16 for girls and at 17 for boys. Bheemakka, who doesn’t have a surname because she doesn’t know who her father is, went through the puberty ritual in March, but she wasn’t sold. On the fourth day, she has to take a dip in a temple’s pond. Today we have other questions to ask. It is the critical period of biological and psychosocial changes. Why the ritual? Rendered untouchable, she will be unable to touch most of her own belongings even. She was secluded in an inside chamber. Puberty Rituals In India Celebrate The Fertility Of A Girl, And Discriminate Against Her As Just A Womb, this young lady is now fertile and feminine, menstruating women are discriminated against, Due To His Upper Class Male Privilege, He Didn’t Realise That Gossip About Them Bothered Her, 69y.o. Series VII, Theology and religion v. 317. During the isolation, the girl has to follow a strict diet of vegetables, fruits, jaggery, and rice. She might check with her friends later. Facebook. Everyone must know that this girl is now a woman! Get me the grand, blue Kanjivaram saree we saw the other day.” In one breath it was all out! The Misconceptions Around Menstruation And The Internet, I Had A Period Stain On My Kurta And Made The Mistake Of Taking The Metro. Premises of the Kamakhya temple, the abode of the revered goddess . Relatives are invited, priests perform rituals, and delicious meals are prepared to mark the occasion. Confinement, nutritious food, and a ceremonial feast are the bedrock of these rituals. How? In the past, it was essential to conduct this ceremony so as to marry one’s daughter in the coming future. There is a spectacular grind to be gone through. Bihar, Bengal, Kashmir – Temple visits restricted. How? When girls dedicated in local temples under the illegal devadasi system hit puberty, their virginity is auctioned off to the highest bidder. It is said, a lot of people in the past used to put all their savings for the ceremony. At thirteen and a half, she is petrified. Commonly referred to as the ‘Half Sari Function’, Ritu Kala Samskara is a common South Indian function celebrated during the young girls’ first period. It is we who make him Alpa Maanava or Little Human by putting various constrictions of borders rituals and castes. un… He is certainly the guest of honour and the main convener of the puberty ritual in most southern states. An oil lamp would be lit in the chamber, in front of which a bunch of coconut flowers would be placed inside a bronze vessel filled with water. The question looms large. Balls of raw rice flour mixed in jaggery, spiked with the flavour of cardamom and ghee, is another recipe for the pubescent. In the larger scheme of things, this tradition of puberty rituals is under scrutiny today. Loading... Close. Karnataka is known for its wide variety of dosas and sambar. Stay updated with our Weekly Newsletter or Daily Summary - or both! The connotation of the celebration of menstruation with the idea of marriage, womanhood, and fertility is problematic. Let us leave the past to the past. The 11-year-old’s mother and grandmother are both devadasis, which means female servants of god. There are believers and non-believers in all pockets. Compared to earlier days, it has undergone a significant change. Traditionally girls in this district in south India undergo an 11-day purification ceremony following the onset of menstruation. My Tamil speaking friend concurs. May 26, 2016. Think Again! She gathers courage to whisper in her mom’s ear, “I saw blood in my panty, I think I am seriously ill.”. Bheemakka, who doesn’t have a surname because she doesn’t know who her father is, went through the puberty ritual in March, 2013, but she wasn’t sold. Seetha has fantasized a fairy tale ceremony. Ever Wondered What The Greeks Wrote About Menstruation? The girl’s maternal uncle plays a major role in this ceremony. Puberty Ritual In South India. Having been part of each other’s functions and celebrations. Who knows how stigma will finally be separated from this natural phenomena, sordid in perception, yet inevitable in perpetuation of the human race! “We are dedicated to ending this crime and will look into the concerns raised in the two reports,” said C Vasundhara Devi, a Karnataka official responsible for stopping the rituals. To some extent, it was also prevalent among other caste groups of Kerala, although the duration and the way it was performed varied/varies within the communities. Don’t forget the feast! “Your body becomes impure during periods, you need to restrict your movement,” is a message every girl is given. Yes, I’m A Stay At Home Wife With No Kids, But A Freeloader? This event was considered to be sacred, and a family had to meet a lot of expenditure. I am a Chartered Accountant and a Mother of a 7 year old. Imprint New York : Peter Lang, c2011. Probably grander than Akka’s. The puberty ritual in Sri Lanka : a comparative exploration of perceptions and attitudes between Buddhists and Christians. Background: Adolescence is a crucial phase of growth extending from puberty to adulthood spanning much of the second decade. And they asked us to suggest a location for the outdoor photo shoot. No kidding, this young lady is now fertile and feminine, and she and the rest better respect her for that! They lack adequate knowledge about the physical changes during the pubertal period and which in turn leads to undue anxiety. Linkedin. Twitter. There are various puberty and coming of age rituals across the globe, some even gruesome, while others celebratory. All these puberty rituals have the same undercurrent, with slight differences. Heeding puberty and menstruation as a period of restful seclusion, celebration and sanctity steeped in Indian culture is evident in the Ambubachi festival, and similar traditions throughout the nation, including Keddasa (annual Tulu festival centred on providing three days rest to Mother earth) in Karnataka, and Raja Paravasa in Odisha. The girl is given food on a separate plate, and she has to stay away from the male gaze. The puberty ceremony is celebrated with friends and members who usually bring gifts. Physical description xiv, 241 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. On the 7th, 9th or the 16th day, as decided, her aunts will give her a bath, followed by a haldi (Turmeric) ceremony in which both men and women participate. Available online At the library. I asked my neighbour, why? Neither it is celebrated with grand festivities nor by a lot of people in Kerala. Why did the rituals begin? It helps strengthen the uterus walls. The first three to four days (the duration of the ceremony varies from family to family), the girl is kept in isolation. Also, it reaffirms that a woman’s marriage and fertility are an important part of “womanhood”. Expensive gifts will be showered upon her, by family, relatives and friends from her community. Most northern states of India, from Kashmir to West Bengal, my own state Bihar, the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab – none of them have puberty rituals, though menstruating women are discriminated against. The meaning of ‘kalyanam’ in Malayalam is marriage. A keen look at the dichotomy of puberty rituals in India and how the practices hold menstruation both holy and sinful. For non-vegetarians, raw egg yolk is offered to the girl, which is gulped down full, without breaking the yolk, with half a cup of sesame oil, daily, for fifteen days! This ceremony of Saddangu (Tamil Nadu), Aashirvada (Karnataka) or Tuloni Biyah (Assam) lets the community know, she is ready for marriage. Mostly, the gifts are similar to the gifts of any bride. We focus on women’s self-development and pursuit of happiness, by offering information on career development, entrepreneurship, managing work and family, successful women, women’s health, social issues and personal finances. “Akka (Elder Sister) got it at thirteen,” Seetha said, with slight impatience creeping into her voice. “Shh!” her Mom hushes her up as she tugs her by her arm, into the corner-most room of the house. Only the female relatives of the family can interact with the women during this period. Confinement, nutritious food, and a ceremonial feast are the bedrock of these rituals. Puberty parties, which is what I call them for alliterative irony, have been traditionally held in certain communities across Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Assam. These questions have been opened up today. ‘Bleed With Pride’ movement, Haji Ali Dargah – high court approval for women to enter its precincts, Sabarimala temple – tussle over women’s age bar for entry, are cases in its favour. The state-government is all out on finalising a law on the anti-superstition in Karnataka in this session, after keeping it on hold for almost two years. Somewhere else many, many kilometres away from Seetha’s home, there is another scene that unfolds. Green Library. In other words, a woman is considered to be the one who would take forward the lineage of the family. by Meghna. She wears the saree for the first time, with jewellery that enhances her beauty like never before. She is talking about her impending puberty. One country, two cultures, exact opposites! How little we know our own neighbours! Features. Therefore, a girl’s first period ensured fertility and procreating a generation of the family. Raksha’s parents wanted Foto Zone to do a series of portfolio shots which would later be used as a slide show during her puberty function. Writers, Instagrammers, or Video Creator? It is open to you dear readers, what do you prefer? However, a typical Kannadiga Oota (meal) consists of rice, sambar, pickle, ghee, dessert, and other curry-based dishes and is served on a banana leaf. offered to the deity in puja or given to guests) and gifts. The girl, after her thirandukalayam ceremony, was considered to be eligible for marriage. And the cracking the skull when the couple getting down from Poruwa was performed by them. It is a ceremony to announce a girl has hit puberty. The Government of India programme Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan introduced various “schemes” to improve access, equity and quality of secondary education .The National Family Health Survey in Karnataka shows progress in the proportion of women who report having completed 10th standard, increasing from 28% of women aged 15–49 in … She will thus be initiated into the magical world of the sinful pubescent. Black sesame seed powdered and mixed with cane sugar is offered frequently in this period, this is particularly considered rich in vitain E. Dosa is also part of the ritualistic food, as it contains urad dal and rice. Watch Queue Queue. Puberty. Women’s Web is THE place for the Indian woman who wants to stay engaged with the world, who believes that she has a place in the world, and ideas to offer. The ceremony is seen as a celebration of the “essence” of womanhood. Is Motherhood A Woman’s Ultimate Achievement? Earlier, this ceremony was practised to a great extent by the Nair community. Hereafter, every time she has periods, for three days, she will be excused to the same mat-at-one-corner. We the people of India, intertwined into single fabric of nationalism, yet so in silo. A lot of people see it as a “progressive” ceremony and a celebration of menarche. That gives you the much needed rest! They will apply haldi-neem paste on her face and hands – a cleansing agent! It is a ceremony to announce a girl has hit puberty. Thirandukalyanam is a four-to-five days’ ceremony to celebrate menarche. She has questions. Kerala Actor Rajini Chandy’s Glam Photoshoot Was ‘Too Sexy’ For Sexist & Ageist Trolls. Why Does Hinduism Still Insist On Impurity Of Menstruation? This treasure of knowledge is called as ‘Vedas’ which are given to us by our ancient seers obtained by them through their great effort and penance. Maharashtra till recently had puberty rituals at an austere level, similar rituals but restricted only to women, a four day ritual. We suggested four locations. Seetha is thirteen. Our Country India can actually be compared to a storybook which is full of wonderful and weird stories. Anju has no idea why she has red spotting in her panty. You would be surprised how in a country like India, there are several cultures down south that welcome a girl’s periods as auspicious. Custom in Seetha’s community has it, that her first periods will be a knockout event, with unprecedented celebrations, a.k.a. To some extent, it was also prevalent among other caste groups of Kerala, although the duration and the way it was performed varied/varies within the communities. Akka decked up like a princess, she got such awesome gifts. “Oh but the ritual, I am looking forward to it. Search. The ceremony is to “celebrate” menarche, some believe, it is to announce in the neighbourhood that the girl has attained puberty and is “eligible” to marry. Although, it is still celebrated in other parts of southern India. Series American university studies. Remove all; Disconnect; The next video is … 10 Handicraft Home Decor Products From Across India, Why Is A Woman’s Virginity So Important? VEDIC RITUAL TRADITION OF KARNATAKA Prof.N.Radhakrishna Bhat, Mysore India has a great tradition of knowledge. Share. Click here to find out more. 542 Shares. Seetha’s mother will counsel her on the significance, the precautions, the frequency, and yes, the restrictions. Skip navigation Sign in. Therefore, this ceremony was mostly celebrated by people with money. Punjab a definite exception – No restrictions whatsoever. Why the untouchability? Hailing from a small town in Utter Pradesh, she has not been exposed to puberty education in school. It hence becomes responsibility of our culture to again make him a Universal Being unbound and free." The opinion on the extent to which this event must be celebrated varies like the colours in the spectrum. Over probably just a mat, for 6 to 15 days. Complete overtness versus abject covertness. In cultures across the world, coming of age marks a crucial turning point in one's life and calls for celebration. Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra – Mat-at-one-corner concept observed, temple visits restricted. Red like blood and with an unbearable stench. It's different for everyone, and more often than not making the leap to adulthood is a living nightmare in itself. Parupu urundai are savoury balls of Toor Dal and Rice / Ragi, cooked separately, mixed and seasoned with garlic, onion, tomato and cumin seeds. Particularly those menstrual taboos will be spooled into her mind for future replay. All these rituals have the same undercurrent, with slight differences. Number of days is a choice by custom or practicability. Then again some of the North Eastern states, to the east of Assam, have similar rituals. It is celebrated mainly in Tamil Nadu where it is called ‘ Manjal Neerattu Vizha ‘ and Karnataka where it is referred to as ‘ Ashirvada ‘. KC Archana Updated on Nov 11, 2017, 09:00 IST. And the untouchability? Why did the customs begin? Karnataka banned the practice in 1982, calling it a "social evil" that led women to prostitution. I did not know that my Telugu speaking neighbour, from Andhra Pradesh, celebrates puberty rituals. Different people have different narratives and significance around the same. Not my Kannadiga friend, she feels it’s an invasion of privacy. When a girl gets her first period, it is celebrated in a lavish way with a Tamil puberty ceremony. WhatsApp. A huge celebration is organised when a girl reaches puberty. Restrictions or relief? Anju keeps quiet, attentively listening, cautious not to ask questions. The word Veda is derived from the root ‘Vid-Jnane’ (to know), hence it is rightly called as “Sarvajnanamayo hi sah”. Rituals or secrecy? The girl is then given Chigali unde (a dish made of sesame seeds and jaggery that is believed to help in proper flow), Tambula (a combination of coconut, betel leaves, etc. Earlier, this ceremony was practised to a great extent by the Nair community. Seetha is innocent and impressionable! The Nair community, being a matrilineal society, celebrated the menarche of the women because, in the matrilineal society, it is believed, the line of the family is traced by the women. Women are still considered “impure” or “polluted” during her time of periods during the ceremony too. Our goal is to help women learn and grow! (Note: In Assam, men don’t partake in the haldi ritual, and the maternal uncle does not play any particular role either.). 18 FEB 2020. Compared to earlier days, it has undergone a significant change. She just can’t wait for it… “Not yet,” her mother said, one afternoon, “Sometimes it comes late.”. She gives her a pack of sanitary napkins, the ones Anju used to see in TV commercials. The 11-year-old’s mother and grandmother are both devadasis, which means female servants of god. A closer look reveals a pattern of puberty beliefs on the first three days of periods, month on month, in some other states: Why? As parents, they wanted the best for Raksha. Watch Queue Queue. Should she tell her mother? I grew up in a South Indian household, I have not been to any, nor did I have this ceremony for myself. The food is rich in flavour and consists of various vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. My friend from Kerala agrees to that. Besides, the celebration fails to fight the taboo attached to periods. Here’s looking at puberty rituals in India announcing to the world that a girl has just become fertile, valuable to society as a bearer of children! It could be cancer, she thinks, with a sense of urgency. It restates the old age taboo of association of “impurity” and “polluted” with periods. After her isolation, she is given another bath, and then dressed up in … A feast, are the bedrock of puberty rituals in karnataka ceremonies cultures across the world that Range from Quaint. Role, as in many of these ceremonies behind closed doors premises of most! Her mother ’ s virginity so important of religiously sanctioned rape of minor girls, conducted Brahmin. ” Seetha said, with a Tamil puberty ceremony is seen as a “ progressive ” ceremony a. Festivities nor by a lot of people see it as a bride woman ’ s community has it that... Was essential to conduct this ceremony and that is what I am assured the society ’ s.... Bihar, Bengal, Kashmir – temple visits restricted it hence becomes responsibility of our culture again... Kerala Actor Rajini Chandy ’ s face is contorted with shame, her words curt and precise coming. 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