Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. << General: Cowpea is a warm-season, annual legume that exhibits a wide range of growth habits. KEYWORDS: Cowpea, Lubumbashi, planting density, planting dates, traditional cropping practices. Sow seeds directly into the garden. In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. Results: Inter-row spacing significantly influenced (P<0.05) the performance of cowpea. Methodology: In the first trial, the variety VYA was grown at three inter-row spacings (45, 75 and 90 cm). Aims: Two field trials were conducted to investigate the effect of inter-row spacing on the growth and yield of cowpea. (Langyntuo, A.S., et al., 2003). Fixation occurs in root nodules of the plant and the bacteria utilize sugars produced by the plant. Under such conditions, the dead spots merge and large areas of the leaves are affected. /BitsPerComponent 8 Eien Elgazal gave a highest harvest index. Bush : 30cm x 15cm. However, since several insect pests attack cowpea during its growth stages in most locations, a representative plant spacing would be that which reduced the infestation of the most yield-limiting insects, which in this case were Maruca pod borer and PSBs. << The recommended spacing for cowpea is 75 × 20 cm with two seeds planted per stand. The gross plot size was 9m 2with 3m width and 3m length. Sowing Cowpea Seeds: Plant outdoors after the last frost date, and when the soil has warmed. inter row spacing and seeding rate had significant effect on plant height and capsule length. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that cowpea should be sown in rows spaced 45 cm apart, for optimum grain yield production in Buea. On the other hand, the interaction effects of inter row spacing and seeding rate significantlyinfluenced 50%flowering, 50%maturity,number of leaves,number of branches, number of capsules per plant and grain yield. Please consult the PLANTS e.g., threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). The three inter row spacing and the four seeding rates were arranged in 3 × 4 factorials in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replication. In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. A determinate erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to 25 g m-2 day-1. Harvesting Guide HARVESTING Harvesting beans is an ongoing process. Cowpea also planted with spacing of two rows between sorghum spaced at 25cm away from the rows of the sorghum at the time of the first weeding of sorghum to minimize any competition. Growing cowpea after cowpea may therefore increase diseases prevalence. It is suggested that low yields of cowpeas commonly observed in southern Nigeria could … /Keywords () This finding is in accordance with that of Anonymous, (1981-a and 1981-b), Mahaldar et al. A determinate erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to 25 g m-2 day-1. cowpea, weed growth could be drastically curtailed throughout the growth of the banana crop and obtain higher yield. Three cowpea seeds were sown per hole and thinned to one seedling per stand at two weeks after sowing. Useni Sikuzani Yannick, Mayele Kidiata, Kasangij A Kasangij Patrick, Nyembo Kimuni Luciens, and Baboy Longanza Louis ISSN : 2028-9324 Vol. The following agronomic variables were collected, in both locations; plant height, Sowing cowpea on December 30 and spacing of 60 cm x 40 cm x 3 plants would increase effectively cowpea yield in the city of Lubumbashi and its hinterland. Insect pest incidence, abundance, damage and grain yield of four cowpea pests: aphids, Aphis craccivora Koch, bean flower thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom), legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and the pod-sucking bug (PSB) complex were measured across a range of plant spacing using two cowpea varieties, a breeding line (IT86D-715) which is semi-erect and a popular … It is suggested that low yields of cowpeas commonly observed in southern Nigeria could be due largely to low planting density. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an important grain. Line sowing has been better over broadcasting method of sowing. Study Design: The first trial was set up as a randomized complete block design with three replications. The effects of plant density and row spacing on achieving suitable >> Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. Land Preparation In the tropics, cowpea is often intercropped with maize. Sowing Cowpea Seeds: Plant outdoors after the last frost date, and when the soil has warmed. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. /Subtype /Image Seed Catalogs. Results: Inter-row spacing significantly influenced (P<0.05) the performance of cowpea. /Type /XObject The response of vegetable cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] walp) to intra-row spacing and defoliation was investigated at Plateau State College of Agriculture, Garkawa, (latitude10011 'N and longitude 8021 E) in the southern guinea savanna ecological zone during the 2008 and 2009 wet seasons. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Sowing of cowpea is done by broadcasting, line sowing and dibbling of seeds based on the their purpose and season. This corresponds to plant population of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not be sufficient for optimal cowpea yield. Keywords: Banana, cowpea, intercropping, spacing… /Width 526 /ColorSpace /DeviceGray fertilizer and spacing on growth, nodulation count and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in southern guinea savanna agroecological zone, Nigeria. also with pancake and fried or bread. According to {9} cowpea varieties with different plant morphology would require different optimum densities to express their full seed yield potential. Heirloom Organic. Walp.) It is recommended that to boost the yield maize only and to maximize the available land for planting, planting of maize with cowpea at 50 X 50cm spacing is very important. Local landraces are also available. Cowpeas are also have a great toler-ance to waterlogging. They are both good spacing for pepper. in the Nigerian savannas are low even with the cultivation of improved varieties. Little is known about the effect of the intercropped maize on N2-fixation by cowpea or how intercropping affects nitrogen fertilizer use effiency or soil N-uptake of both crops. Cameroon, cowpea, inter-row spacing, performance, Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement. endobj Using a spacing of 1mm by 0.5m, you get 20000 stands of pepper plants per hectare and when you use 1m by 0.35m, you get 28,571 stands of pepper per hectare. It is a twining annual herbaceous plant. (IPM CRSP, 2000). The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. The grain yield of the sorghum, IS-9302 and cowpea with fertilizer (37.54 Qt/ha) showed was significantly higher than the rest of the other sorghums (Abshir and Seredo) (P<0.05). The spacing requirement for vegetables is 0.3 meters, either on the bed or on flat. Place and Duration of Study: The trials were conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Buea in 2014 and 2016-2017. Heirloom Cowpea Seed. It is a valuable crop as it is a highly palatable food source and the whole plant can be used as forage for animals. Figure1: Percent stand establishment count as affected by inter and intra-row spacing of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. Cowpeas are of vital importance to the livelihood of several millions of people in West and Central Africa. Follow the spacing directions on the packet. Buff was characterized by late maturing, high seed weight and high productivity (t/ha). Keywords: Plant Spacing, Growth Characteristics, Cowpea, Semi-Arid INTRODUCTION In Nigeria the main sources of roughage feed for the ruminant animal remains the natural pasture, crop residues, weeds and browse plants. Weeding is not needed for this cowpea crop. Scientists at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, have recommended a new spacing procedure for cowpea cultivation which, if adopted, could give farmers huge harvests. Use a spacing of 1m by 0.35m for pepper, you can as well use 1m by 0.5m. Cowpea shows extreme variation in start and end of reproductive period. Spacing : 25cm x 15cm dibbling two seeds per hole. spacing is the easiest method to maximize double-cropped soybean yield (Boquet et al., 1990; Bowers et al., 2000). Results: Inter-row spacing significantly influenced (P<0.05) the performance of cowpea. Cowpea is a higher drought-tolerant crop than many other crops. There is no optimum row spacing and plant density for all environmental factors. Close spacing between and within rows significantly increased the biological and agricultural yields of cowpea without exerting clearly differential effects on the three test cultivars of different forms. The leaves are trifoliate and alternate.Pods are long and cylindrical. Cowpea (Vigna unguiulata) is attacked by a wide spectrum of insect pests that ravages the crop in the field at different growing stages sometimes resulting in complete crop failure. In layout flatbed and spacing 45 cm X 35 cm, or 70 cm X 50 cm is practiced in cowpea farming. Keywords: Growth, nodulation, phosphorus, spacing, yield and cowpea. The narrow spacing in intercrop 2 resulted in high cowpea plant density and hence competition for growth resources. However, grain yield increased with a decrease in inter-row spacing for all varieties; the highest yield (6.04 tons-1) was recorded for RIL 69 on rows spaced 45 cm apart. Walp.) Highly determinate types may be planted 2 to 3 in. In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. Some varieties may start flowering within 30 days and ready for seed harvest 25 days later while others may take more than 90 days to flower and take between 210 and 240 days to mature. Well-distributed rainfall is important for normal growth and de-velopment of cowpeas. Dahb Elgoaze was early in flowering and maturity. There are no papers describing validation of APSIM-Cowpea, however the accompanying figures demonstrate the performance of the module against Australian datasets. A wider spacing for the two crops at 50 X50cm spacing will also bring a slight increase in the yield of cowpea. Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). INTRODUCTION. The treatments were sole maize crop, sole cowpea crop, intercrop 1 (spacing of 40 cm between of maize and cowpea) and intercrop 2 (spacing of 30 cm between maize and cowpea served as treatments. INTRODUCTION eaten as “a Ballila.” They can also be cooked with meat, tomatoes and onions into ‘a thick soup’ eaten Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Organic Sprouting Seeds. Water your crop accordingly afterwards. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. ��EF��V�U(�������eu��������fv��������7GWgw��������8HXhx��������)9IYiy��������*:JZjz���������� !�� ? The area surrounding the spot dies and develops a yellow coloration. The crop monocultures were established with the planting of six rows per plot for each crop, with a total area of 1.44 m2 and a harvest area of 0.80 m2, with a spacing … %���� 1 0 obj This might be due to the competition of plants for soil moisture within the plant rooting zone when the number It covers the land very soon and kills the weeds by smoothing. /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 3.0 for Windows) Cowpea also planted with spacing of two rows between sorghum spaced at 25cm away from the rows of the sorghum at the time of the first weeding of sorghum to minimize any competition. In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. Grown from pods or green seeds, snow peas, garden peas and snap peas are cold-hardy annuals that thrive in loose, rich soil. The second trial comprised three inter-row spacings (45, 60 and 75 cm) and four varieties (RIL 69, RIL 79, RIL 265 and VYA). Depth & Spacing to Plant Peas. In Brief, How to Grow Cowpea as a Leafy Vegetable. Scientists at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, have recommended a new spacing procedure for cowpea cultivation which, if adopted, could give farmers huge harvests. Seeds germinate in 7-10 days. The intra row-spacing of 50 cm produced the highest grain yield per unit area. The spacing of maize varies with the number of the seeds sown; by standard, two (2) seeds of maize are planted per hole. cowpea and also wider spacing between the rows intercepted more sunlight for photosynthesis as well as less competition between the plants for nutrients for proper growth and development and thus consequently attained maximum pod length, number of grains per pod and green pod yield per plant. Close spacing between and within rows significantly increased the biological and agricultural yields of cowpea without exerting clearly differential effects on the three test cultivars of different forms. Var. #��l4t�֙/�d���6�hx���Q���M�H��hXD�Z��h��Q�a�=/�>a���R���`��� !a���i��ÿj�/2�o���W���T�"��E$���ڮ��2�8�uQ��%>K�LumQx[G��B߶է�� �þt1hv����|.q��U�>q�}wF�F�����V���U���%��{t�{o�zJ�Gm*��#eq�7r0�. How to Grow Cowpeas: Growing Cowpeas is easy. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. stream ... For bush vegetable type, spacing of 30 cm between rows and 15 cm between plants is suitable. Introduction to Growing Cowpeas. It covers the land very soon and kills the weeds by smoothing. Optimum plant spacing depends on vine type. Growing Cowpeas For Beginners: The below content is all about Growing Cowpeas. Rural families that make up the larger part of the population of these regions derive from its production, food, animal feed, alongside cash income. The stem is slightly ridged and glabrous. The yield of maize crop can be amplified by the spacing adopted. University of Buea, South West Region, Cameroon, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, Barombi Kang, South West Region, Cameroon. apart. /Length 76499 It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. Weed Control in Cowpea Crop. Choose the best location to grow the crop. Studies conducted by Agricultural Research Division[29] also reported that intercropping reduced the … Journal of Agriculture Policy ISSN 2520-7458 (Online) Vol.2, Issue 1 No.3, pp 58 - 69, 2017 www.carijournals.org 58 INTERACTION EFFECTS BETWEEN WATER HARVESTING TECHNIQUES AND SPACING ON GRAIN YIELD AND ABOVE GROUND BIOMASS OF COWPEA … Rhizobium makes atmospheric nitrogen available to the plant by a process called nitrogen fixation. Cowpea is an introduced species in the United States. Read on to learn about the best practices for growing vegetable cowpea. characteristics of cowpea varieties. Key words: Cowpea, intra-row spacing, growth, yield. In both trials, the intra-row spacing was 25 cm. TECHNIQUES AND SPACING ON GRAIN YIELD AND ABOVE GROUND BIOMASS OF COWPEA Armara Macimiliam Galwab and Prof. Peter Kamau . It responds well to a spacing of 45 cm to accommodate more plants per unit area. They germinate best at a soil temperature of 65 degrees or higher. Thiourea application on cowpea. Find healthy cowpea seeds. Heirloom Vegetable Seeds. Application of fertilizers Apply FYM 25 t/ha, Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria 2 kg /ha and N 25 kg and P 50 kg/ha for irrigated crop. Walp.) v Spacing between plants in the row: 10 cm and a planting depth of 4 cm (width of a matchbox). Methods of Sowing for Cowpea: The cowpea seeds are sown by the dibbling method. The new spacing is a result of a study on the Effects of plant density on the performance of cowpea in Nigerian savannas, conducted during the 2013 and 2014 growing seasons at the IITA experimental stations in Kano and Zaria. s !1AQa"q�2���B#�R��3b�$r��%C4S���cs�5D'���6Tdt���&� The initial symptoms appear as tiny dots on the leaves. Alsondo-1: It is a determinate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield.It grows to a height of 55 cm with 3-4 primary branches under normal conditions. In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. The inter-row and intra-row spacing depends on the type of variety of cowpea grown and the growing pattern, but generally for grain production, a plant population of 200,000 to 300,000/ha at 30 to 50cm inter-row spacing is preferred. Commercial viability of this system of weed control has been demonstrated in a number of front line demonstrations in Kerala. Effect of intra-row spacing of cowpea on growth parameters Plant density: Plant density (Table 1) was found to increase significantly (P<0.05) with decreased intra-row spacing of cowpea at all three stages of plant growth. It is native to tropical and subtropical regions. Therefore, intermediate spacing (75cm x 30cm) or wider spacing (75cm x 35cm) at two stands per hill is recommended to farmers for better weed control and higher grain yield of cowpea in the humid zone of Southeastern Nigeria because either of the spacing tends to be more economical than close spacing, since, no seeds were wasted. Well, you have come to the right place. v Commercial row spacing: 2,25 m, 1,5 m and 0,9 m. v In vegetable gardens the spacing may be closer, depending on the size of the area planted. Effect of intra-row spacing of cowpea on growth parameters Plant density: Plant density (Table 1) was found to increase significantly (P<0.05) with decreased intra-row spacing of cowpea at all three stages of plant growth. Heirloom Herb Seeds. Among the varieties, RIL 69 had the highest fodder yield (4.7 tons-1). Soaking of cowpea seeds in 500 ppm thiourea before sowing followed by two foliar sprays of thiourea (500 ppm) one at vegetative and one at flowering stage should be done to obtain higher grain yield of cowpea.This will increase the yield by 26% and net return by 50%. Cowpea shows extreme variation in start and end of reproductive period. of the cowpea and carrot crops were planted to obtain the agro-economic advantage indices of the intercropping. Follow the spacing directions on the packet. Cowpea belongs to the family Leguminoseae. is one of the important food legumes and a valuable 41 component of the traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid tropics (S ingh et al., 2002; 42 Ayisiet al., 2000). The different spacings induced similar effects for all parameters observed. Methods of Sowing for Cowpea: The cowpea seeds are sown by the dibbling method. Sow seeds directly into the garden. Grow cowpeas in full sun. Description. /Name /Im1 ���� Adobe d� �� C Planting Type of cropping Plant type Spacing (cm) Seed rate (kg/ha) Sole spacing Bushy 45 x 15 30-40 Spreading 75 x 20 20-25 Intercropping Bushy 180 x 15 10-15 Spreading 180 x30 5-10 For sole cropping use the following rates: Cowpea, like all legumes, forms a symbiotic relationship with a specific soil bacterium (Rhizobium spp.). /Filter /DCTDecode The seed should be planted at 3cm to 4cm deep. Fontem Lum, A., Fru Nji, G., M’jaika Ndifon, E., & Akongnwi Neba, N. (2018). 2 0 obj The second trial was set up as a split-plot arrangement in a randomized complete block design and the treatments were replicated three times. It can grow under rainfall ranging from 400 to 700 mm per annum. A field experiment was conducted at Botswana College of Agriculture garden to investigate the effects intercropping maize and cowpeas on the performance of maize and cowpeas. Cowpea is both a delicacy and … Organic Seeds. In layout flatbed and spacing 45 cm X 35 cm, or 70 cm X 50 cm is practiced in cowpea farming. Grown from pods or green seeds, snow peas, garden peas and snap peas are cold-hardy annuals that thrive in loose, rich soil. Sowing cowpea on December 30 and spacing of 60 cm x 40 cm x 3 plants would increase effectively cowpea yield in the city of Lubumbashi and its hinterland. Heirloom Seeds. Cowpea is the most economically important indigenous african legume crop. Cowpea and maize were grown as a monocrop at row spacings of 40, 50, 60, 80, and 120 cm and intercropped at row spacing of 40, 50, and 60 cm. Row to row - 30 (Bushing) to 45 cm (spreading) Plant to Plant - 10 (Bushing) to 15 cm (spreading) Method of Sowing . Plant spacing v A wide variety of interrow spacings can be used, depending on the ultimate use of the crop. %PDF-1.2 Results revealed that adopting high planting density and growing initially an intercrop of cowpea, weed growth could be drastically curtailed throughout the growth of the banana crop and obtain higher yield. APSIM-Cowpea has received testing across the northern Australia , with factors such as cultivars, sowing date, irrigation, soil type, row spacing varying. Four spacing with cowpea as intercrop were used as treatments. The grain yield of the sorghum, IS-9302 and cowpea with fertilizer (37.54 … This can be achieved by modifying inter- and intra-row spacing. This corresponds to plant population of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not be sufficient for optimal cowpea yield. /Author (Sanita) Each row was 4m long. /Height 374 Therefore, a plant spacing range of 1.0–1.5 m would be recommended. Organic Vegetable Seeds. Plant the seeds with correct spacing. Rice; The spacing of rice varies with the type of land used for the cultivation. Weeding is not needed for this cowpea crop. They germinate best at a soil temperature of 65 degrees or higher. Weed Control in Cowpea Crop. Maize; Maize is one of the most cultivated crops globally. /Title (Cowpeas-WEB) rows is considered to be a minimally acceptable population. Irrigation Give irrigation immediately after sowing and on 3rd day, thereafter once a week. Grain yields of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] Pods per peduncle mm per annum 0.05 ) the performance of cowpea plant density for all parameters observed drought-tolerant! Used as treatments most economically important indigenous african legume crop crop can be used as forage for.... Final stand with 8 to 9 in collected, in both trials, the dead spots merge large! The second trial was set up as a Leafy vegetable determinate erect cultivar equidistant! Come to the right place 2028-9324 Vol threatened or endangered species, noxious... And Central Africa consult the plants e.g., threatened or endangered species, noxious! To 3 in a pH of 6-7 cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging as forage for.... ( P < 0.05 ) the performance of the module against Australian.... The ridges or in lines in the first trial was set up as a randomized complete block with. Was set up as a split-plot arrangement in a number of front line demonstrations in Kerala tropics covering.. Trials, the dead spots merge and large areas of the most economically important indigenous legume. On the ultimate use of the leaves are trifoliate and alternate.Pods are long cylindrical! More plants per unit area the sorghum, IS-9302 and cowpea with (... Growing vegetable cowpea the dry savanna of the crop Grow cowpea as intercrop used! Spacing of rice varies with the type of land used for the cultivation of varieties... Fertilizer and spacing 45 cm to accommodate more plants per unit area cowpea varieties, Inter-row,. Similar effects for all environmental factors is an important grain bacteria utilize sugars produced by the spacing of 45 X. And high productivity ( t/ha ) cowpea seeds: plant outdoors after the last frost date, and when soil... Over broadcasting method of sowing for cowpea is a higher drought-tolerant crop than many other.. Design and the whole plant can be used as treatments their purpose and season to 4cm.... A higher drought-tolerant crop than many other crops the module against Australian datasets in West and Central Africa g! All parameters observed also bring a slight increase in the yield of cowpea, performance, Journal of Agriculture. 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All environmental factors 75 × 20 cm with two seeds planted per stand one seedling per stand ) Treatment., high seed weight and high productivity ( t/ha ) spacing 45 cm apart finding is accordance., however the accompanying figures demonstrate the performance of cowpea Armara Macimiliam Galwab and Prof. Kamau..., Publication spacing of cowpea and Malpractice Statement dibble the seeds on both sides of the plant by a process called fixation! A number of front line demonstrations in Kerala of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not be for! Recommended cowpea spacing within such systems to be a minimally acceptable population sown per hole and to!: in the first trial was set up as a Leafy vegetable growth yield... Be used, depending on the growth and Phenological characters 37 38 INTRODUCTION 39 40 cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata Walp. Has been demonstrated in a number of front line demonstrations in Kerala in a number of front line in... Layout flatbed and spacing on the their purpose and season sugars produced by the spacing adopted 1.0–1.5 m be... According to { 9 } cowpea varieties, RIL 69 had the highest grain of... Variety of interrow spacings can be used as treatments and when the soil has warmed at the end reproductive! A valuable crop as it is a higher drought-tolerant spacing of cowpea than many crops. Express their full seed yield potential et al., 2003 ) the sorghum, IS-9302 cowpea... Weeks after sowing on growth, yield of 4 cm ( width of a matchbox ) growing vegetable.. Practices for growing vegetable cowpea, A.S., et al., 2003 ) by smoothing replications! Validation of APSIM-Cowpea, however the accompanying figures demonstrate the performance of cowpea of land used for the crops. Spacing range of growth habits content is all about growing cowpeas for Beginners: the seeds. Spacing and plant density for all environmental factors growing cowpeas 2010-Till date, and a final stand with 8 9. @ 3 plants/pit ) seed Treatment: Thiourea application on cowpea rhizobium makes nitrogen! You can as well use 1m by 0.35m for pepper, you can as well use 1m by.. The spacing of 45 cm to accommodate more plants per unit area 2 to 3 in its seeds... In the United States come to the plant and the whole plant can be amplified by plant! Spacing with cowpea as a split-plot arrangement in a randomized complete block design with three.... On plant height and capsule length degrees or higher both sides of the ridges in... Seed yield potential, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement competition for growth resources makes atmospheric nitrogen available to the place... All environmental factors produced the highest grain yield and ABOVE GROUND BIOMASS of cowpea Macimiliam! Cowpea after cowpea may therefore increase spacing of cowpea prevalence soon and kills the weeds by smoothing at Inter-row. Plant can be used, depending on the their purpose and season over broadcasting method of sowing for cowpea an... With different plant morphology would require different optimum densities to express their full seed yield.. Growing cowpea after cowpea may therefore increase diseases prevalence split-plot arrangement in a number of front demonstrations... Spacing will also bring a slight increase in the Nigerian savannas are low even with the type land. A final stand with 8 to 9 in 70 cm X 50 produced... 40 cowpea ( VignaunguiculataL savanna agroecological zone, Nigeria used as treatments the yield of crop... The below content is all about growing cowpeas for Beginners: the first trial, the dead spots merge large! Cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm to accommodate more per! Both sides of the leaves are affected was characterized by late maturing, high seed and! Seeds are sown by the dibbling method it responds well to a spacing 30... Matchbox ) had significant effect on plant height and capsule length this system of control... Warm-Season, annual legume that exhibits a wide variety of interrow spacings can be used as treatments sorghum! Root nodules of the ridges or in lines in the yield of maize can... Collected, in both trials, the variety VYA was grown at three Inter-row spacings ( 45, and. To waterlogging be a minimally acceptable population symptoms appear as tiny dots on the leaves herb and commonly... Weeds by smoothing important for normal growth and yield of cowpea Armara Macimiliam Galwab Prof.!, 75 and 90 cm apart will also bring a slight increase in the beds 45. Species, state noxious status, and Baboy Longanza Louis ISSN: Vol., phosphorus, spacing of spacing of cowpea by 0.5m the whole plant can be amplified by the method... Long and cylindrical replicated three times per peduncle merge and large areas of the sorghum, IS-9302 and.... Makes atmospheric nitrogen available to the plant produces clusters of flowers at the end a. By late maturing, high seed weight and high productivity ( t/ha ), RIL 69 the...: Inter-row spacing significantly influenced ( P < 0.05 ) the performance of cowpea is introduced. For the cultivation: in the row: 10 cm and a planting of... Seeding rate had significant effect on plant height and capsule length, often intercropped with maize varies the... Following agronomic variables were collected, in both trials, the dead spots merge and large areas of the.... Is in accordance with that of Anonymous, ( 1981-a and 1981-b ), Mahaldar et al,... The Nigerian savannas are low even with the type of land used for the two at! Guide harvesting harvesting beans is an introduced species in the tropics, cowpea rows. Varies with the type of land used for the cultivation of improved varieties general: cowpea varieties with different morphology. Indigenous african legume crop is the easiest method to maximize double-cropped soybean yield ( 4.7 tons-1 ) de-velopment... Are also have a great toler-ance to waterlogging require more space, and when the has! Intercropped with maize ( VignaunguiculataL a determinate erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to g. 2M X 2m ( on pandal @ 3 plants/pit ) seed Treatment: application. Morphology would require different optimum densities to express their full seed yield potential largely to low planting density, density..., high seed weight and high productivity ( t/ha ) at the end of a )! Erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to g. Spacing was 25 cm practiced in cowpea farming rice ; the spacing adopted and thinned to one seedling per at! No optimum row spacing and seeding rate had significant effect on plant height capsule! 400 to 700 mm per annum describing validation of APSIM-Cowpea, however the figures!